Turkey 100 Year Agreement In Urdu PdfHungcp
Mohamed Abdel-Kader Khalil, an Egyptian expert on Turkish affairs, said: “Turkish foreign policy in the Middle East is linked to the use of Turkish military capabilities in the region. This is reflected in Turkish military concentrations on the borders of Iraq and Syria and in its participation in the Red Sea through an agreement on the island of Sawken, Sudan, as well as by the Turkish military intervention in the northern Syrian town of Afrin. Among many agreements was a separate agreement with the United States, the Chester Concession. In the United States, the treaty was rejected by several political groups, including the Committee against the Treaty of Lausanne (COLT), and on January 18, 1927, the U.S. Senate refused to ratify the treaty by 50 votes to 34, six votes less than the two-thirds requested by the Constitution.  As a result, Turkey cancelled the concession.  In November 1914, the Ottoman Empire also had to relinquish its political and financial rights over Egypt and Sudan. In addition, at a commemorative ceremony in 2016, Erdogan said he rejected any understanding of the history that takes 1000 years of history of his nation and civilization in 1919” Whoever let our last 200 years, even 600 years with his victories and defeats, and who jumps directly from the ancient Turkish history to the Republic, is an enemy of our nation and our state. , he explained. The “Lausanne II Conference”, which lasted three months and resulted in the signing of the “Treaty of Lausanne”, signed on 24 July 1923 at the “Beau Rivage Plus” hotel in Lausanne, southern Switzerland, by the contractual partners of the victorious powers after the First World War (particularly Great Britain, France and Italy).
, and the Ottoman Empire, which presided over its delegation to the conference, Ismet Inonu, and on the basis of which the Ottoman Empire was officially divided, and the Turkish Republic was founded under the presidency of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. And by 2023, the treaty period, which has passed a hundred years, is coming to an end, and that is where we understand Erdogan`s comments, since Turkey will enter a new era, and begin with oil exploration and drilling of a new canal that will begin between the two black and marmara seas as preparation for the pricing of passing ships. The Treaty of Lausanne resulted in international recognition of the sovereignty of the new Republic of Turkey as the successor state of the dissolved Ottoman Empire.  Following the treaty, the Ottoman public debt was divided between Turkey and the countries of the former Ottoman Empire.  The Strait Convention lasted only thirteen years and was replaced in 1936 by the Montreux Convention on the Strait Regime. The treaty`s customs restrictions were revised shortly after follow-up. In 1839, Britain invaded China to crush resistance to its participation in the country`s economic and political affairs, and was one of the main objectives of the British war: the occupation of Hong Kong Island, populated on the coasts of southeastern China. The new British colony (Hong Kong Island) prospered as it became a shopping centre between East and West and a commercial and commercial centre for southern China, and in 1898 Britain gained an additional 99 years of domination over Hong Kong under the second Beijing Agreement.