What Is Collective Bargain AgreementHungcp
Only one in three OECD workers has wages agreed upon through collective bargaining. The 36-member Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development has become a strong supporter of collective bargaining to ensure that falling unemployment also leads to higher wages.  In Sweden, about 90% of employees are subject to collective agreements, compared to 83% in the private sector (2017).   Collective agreements generally contain minimum wage provisions. Sweden does not have legislation on minimum wages or legislation extending collective agreements to disorganised employers. Unseated employers can sign replacement agreements directly with unions, but many do not. The Swedish model of self-regulation applies only to jobs and workers covered by collective agreements.  Other collective agreements provide for rules on the relationship between the employer and individual workers. Such agreements can be concluded at the central level, by the parties described above and at the local level, between a specific employer and the local union represented in the company.
It is customary for a central agreement on the conditions of employment of each worker to be supplemented by local agreements. This is the standard procedure among companies that are members of the Swedish Association of Industrial Employers. The union can negotiate with a single employer (who usually represents a company`s shareholder) or with a group of companies, depending on the country, in order to reach an industry-wide agreement. A collective agreement functions as an employment contract between an employer and one or more unions. Collective bargaining is conducted in negotiations between union representatives and employers (usually represented by management or, in some countries such as Austria, Sweden and the Netherlands, by an employers` organisation) on the conditions of employment of workers, such as wages, working time, working conditions, redress procedures and trade union rights and obligations. The parties often refer to the outcome of the collective agreement or collective agreement (AEC) negotiation. A collective agreement is obtained through negotiation. The Participation Act specifies that any trade union organisation and employers` or employer organisation has the right to negotiate in all areas that influence the relationship between the employer and the worker. This may be a settlement by an agreement not yet reached between the parties or a replacement of existing rules with new issues. A bargaining right for one party means an obligation for the other party to participate in the negotiations. However, there is no legal obligation to reach an agreement (for more information, see “Participation in the Work”).
The most important thing for the Collective Bargaining Act is the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA). It is also called the Wagner Act. It expressly grants workers the right to negotiate collective agreements and join unions. The NLRA was originally adopted in 1935 by Congress as part of its power to regulate intergovernmental trade, in accordance with the trade clause in Article I, Section 8 of the U.S. Constitution. It applies to most employees and private non-agricultural employers working in certain sectors of intergovernmental trade. The decisions and regulations of the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB), established by the NLRA, significantly complement and define the provisions of the act. The Swedish Association of Industrialists is bound by thirteen collective agreements. Seven of them are employment contracts. The Industrial Workers` Union Metall is the opponent in five agreements, Pappers (The Swedish Paper Workers Union), GS (Swedish Union of Forestry Workers, Wood and Graphic Designers) in one and SEKO (Union of Service and Communication Employees) in two.